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Syrian Foreign Policy
Syrian Foreign Policy
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ISBN : 9786055145330 | Basım Yılı : 2014 | Baskı No : 1 | Sayfa Sayısı : 275 | Ebat : 13,5 19,5 cm

Syrian Foreign Policy

n Turkey, it is obvious that there has been a huge academic gap in Syrian studies and scholars dealing with Syrian politics and foreign policy generally do not go over the pre-Baath period. The main objective of this book is to analyze a neglected period of Syrian foreign policy during the so-called pre-Baath period from 1946 to 1963 in a historical perspective.

In the book, it is argued foreign policy behavior of Syrian politicians regardless of their class, ideology and political orientations depended on historically rooted pragmatism in which interest calculations, shifting alliances and external patronage had special importance. In this respect, the book yields insights into the roots of Syrian foreign policy in the decades preceding the al-Assad dynasty.

CONTENTS
PROLOGUE AND ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
PREFACE
CONTENTS
1.INTRODUCTION
2. HISTORICAL SETTING: OTTOMAN AND MANDATE SYRIA
Syria until the Tanzimat Era: Historical Formation of   the Urban Sunni Elites and Syrian Political Culture
Syria in the Age of Tanzimat Reforms: Ottomanism, European Intervention and Inter-Communal Violence
The Land Code of 1858 and the Provincial (Vilayet)Law of  1864
Forerunners of Arab Nationalism in Syria: The Christian Arabs and Islamic Modernists
Syria from Cooperation to Separation:The CUP     Regime, the First World War and Dismantling of the Ottoman Empire
The Rise and Fall of Faisal’s Kingdom in Syria (1918-1920): Between Domestic and International Constraints
Syria under the French Mandate: Emergence of Truncated Syrian Entity
Emergence of Inter-Arab Politics and Early ‘‘Struggle   for Syria’’ during the Mandate Period
Syria’s Way to Independence: The Second World War and its Aftermath
3. SYRIAN FOREIGN POLICY UNDER DAMASCENE OLD-GUARDS:1946-1949
3.1. Domestic Determinants of Syrian Foreign Policy: Factionalism, New Opposition Groups and Weak-State Formation
Dominance of Urban-Sunni Families in Syrian Politics: Aleppine and Damascene Factions 106
Emergence of Radical Parties in Syria: the SSNP, the Youth Party and the Baath Party     
Syria’s Weak State Formation and Its Impact on    Foreign Policy
3.2. Regional Environment of Syrian Foreign Policy: Inter-Arab Struggle for Syria and Emergence of Israel
3.2.1. Inter-Arab Struggle for Syria: The Hashemites versus the Saudi-Egyptian Camp
3.2.2. The Birth of Israel and Repercussions of the Arab-Israeli War of 1948 in Syria
3.3.International Environment of Syrian Foreign Policy: Core-Periphery   Relations and Emergence of the Cold War
4. SYRIAN FOREIGN POLICY DURING THE MILITARY DICTATORSHIP: 1949-1954
4.1. Domestic Determinants of Syrian Foreign Policy: Political Instability and Struggle for Power among Rival Factions
The First Coup d’état by Husni al-Zaim: Opening the Age of Military Interventions in Syrian Politics
Sami al-Hinnawi’s Counter Coup: A Short Rule of the Pro-Iraqi Faction
The Third Coup d’état by Adib al-Shishakli: The Army versus the People’s Party
The Second Shishakli Coup: Consolidating Dictatorship in Syria
4.2. Regional Determinants of Syrian Foreign Policy: Inter-Arab Politics and Israel
4.2.1. Inter-Arab Struggle for Syria during the Military Dictatorship
The Rule of Husni al-Zaim: Syria’s Vacillation between the Hashemites and   the Saudi-Egyptian Camp
Syria’s Drift towards the Hashemite Camp under Sami al-Hinnawi
The Shishakli Dictatorship: Returning Back to the Saudi-Egyptian Camp
4.2.2. Syrian-Israeli Relations during the Military Dictatorship: Peace Negotiations and Water Issue
Syrian-Israeli Relations under Husni al-Zaim: Towards a Compromise?
Syrian-Israeli Relations under Adib al-Shishakli
4.3. International Determinants of Syrian Foreign Policy:The Core-Periphery Relations and the Cold War
Syrian Foreign Policy towards the Western Powers under Husni al-Zaim
Syria and the Cold War in the Wake of the First Shishakli Coup: the Neutralist Camp versus  the pro-Western Camp
Syria and the Cold War after the Second Shishakli Coup: Rapprochement with the West?
5. SYRIAN FOREIGN POLICY DURING THE PRAETORIAN ERA:1954-1963
5.1. Domestic Determinants in the Post-1954 Period: Political Instability, Factionalism, Contending Coalitions and the Rise of Leftist Parties
The Short-Term Rule of the Pro-Iraqi Faction in the Wake of Shishakli’s Ouster in 1954
The Rise of Leftist-Neutralist Forces in Syrian Politics after the October 1954 Elections
The Baath Party’s Entrance to the Government: The Challenge of Unity Issue
Syria’s Way to the UAR: The Baath versus the Communists
The Establishment of the United Arab Republic (UAR) in 1958
Nasser’s Early Centralization Measures against the Faction-Ridden Army, the Communists and the Old-Guards
Nasser versus the Baath: Liquidation of the Baath from Syrian Politics and Factionalism among the Party Ranks
Emergence of the ‘‘Second Generation’’ in the Baath Party and Its Challenge to the Traditional Leadership
Nasser’s Nationalization Measures of 1961: Fatal Blow to the UAR
The Secessionist Regime between 1961 and 1963: Political Turmoil and Domestic Factions’ Dilemma of Reunification
Returning to the Hashemite Camp: The Short Rule of Pro-Jordanian Faction in the Wake of the  Secessionist Coup
The 1961 Elections and the Revival of Pro-Iraqi Old-Guards in Syrian Politics
Complicated Factionalism among the Syrian Army Ranks
From Reestablishment of Civilian Politics to the 1963 Coup: Pro-Iraqi Faction’s Search for  Unification Dilemma
5.2. Regional Determinants of Syrian Foreign Policy during the Praetorian Era: The Arab Cold-War and Israel             
5.2.1. The Arab Cold-War as a New Form of Inter-Arab Rivalry                     
Emergence of Nasser as a Pan-Arab Hero in  the Middle East
The Baghdad Pact and Its Impact on Syrian Foreign Policy
Bandung Conference, Czech-Arms Deal and Consolidation of Egyptian-Syrian Relations
The Suez Crisis and Syria
The UAR and the Arab Regional Order: Saudi Arabia,   Iraq, Lebanon and Jordan
The Impact of Inter-Arab Politics on Syrian Foreign   Policy after the Secessionist Coup: The Challenge of Unity
5.2.2. Second Regional Aspect of Syrian Foreign Policy: Israel as a Threat for Syria’s Security
5.3. International Environment of Syrian Foreign Policy: Struggle for Syria between the U.S. and the Soviet Union
The Soviet Union’s Penetration of the Middle East Politics              
The Soviet-Syrian Rapprochement and Western Reactions
The Eisenhower Doctrine and Syrian Foreign Policy
Western Covert Operations for Changing Syria’s Foreign Policy Orientation during the Course of 1957
The Change in Western Strategy from Organizing Covert Operations to Encouraging Syria’s Neighbors
Syria and the Super Powers of the Cold War from Establishment of   the UAR in 1958 to the 1963 Coup
6. CONCLUSION
BIBLIOGRAPHY

ŞADİMAN KONDAK

HALK BANKASI MEŞRUTİYET ŞUBESİ / ANKARA

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