A plethora of works have been devoted to the geopolitics of the region, including foreign states military and economic influence rivalries, reviving at least rhetorically Sir Halford MacKinder's theories about who controls the heart of Central Asia controls the world. Few books however have been devoted to the multiple dimensions of soft power and how Russia, China and the United States have implemented it in Central Asia. This work is therefore welcome by its clear presentation on the concept of power and its implementation in Central Asia. It is also endowed with a didactic quality, an indicative bibliography for each of the studied topic, and questions for further discussion in the end of each chapter. This book is therefore useful for an audience interested in digging into the concept of soft power and into this understudied dimension of geopolitical games in Central Asia.
Central Asia Program, IERES
Elliott School of International Affairs
George Washington University
Assoc. Dr. Ainur NOGAYEVA's book examines the little studied soft power issue in Central Asia with an emphasis on the main players in the region: the West, represented by the USA and the European Union, Russia and China.
The book examines the aims and interests of the major global / regional powers in Central Asia primarily from the perspective of a researcher from within the region. It contains a comprehensive analysis with this aspect. It has the characteristics of an extremely original work. The use of different sources and data in many languages has also helped the study to demonstrate a richer, up-to-date and objective attitude.
The concept of soft power is not new. Nowadays, it is widely discussed scientifically. However, this study provides readers with comprehensive research from theoretical discussions to current practices in the region and future strategic predictions.
After discussing the criteria and the limits of power, the responsibilities of the Big Powers and the criticisms directed at them, current study deals in detail with the goals, expectations, tools they utilize, advantages and disadvantages of the Big Powers in the Central Asian region.
This study is an important resource, both qualitatively and quantitatively, with the purposes of understanding and perceiving not only the Central Asian geopolitics, but also the geopolitical and geostrategic approaches and orientations of the Big Powers at the global and regional level.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
List of Tables
List of Figures
I. POWER IN INTERNATIONAL RELATIONs
1. Conceptual Framework of Power: Theories,
Definition and Elements
Definition of Power
Elements of Power
Theoretician about Big Power
2. Roles of Big Powers in the System
Capacity of Big States in the system
Stability/Security and Big Powers
China In The System: Second Big
Leadership Of Big Power In The System
Leadership of USA
II. SOFT POWER IN INTERNATIONAL
1. Discussions about the concept “soft power”
Rankings as Tools of Soft Power
2. Sources of Soft Power
Values/Ethics as a Source of Soft Power
The Impact of the US on values/ethics
The Impact of the China on values/ethics
Culture as a Source of Soft power
Academic exchanges as part of culture
Foreign Policy As Source Of Soft Power
III. ROLE OF SOFT POWER LEADERS IN CENTRAL ASIA
1.Central Asia: Struggle for Soft Power
2.Russia as the Leader of Soft Power in the Region
3.USA as Initiator And Leader Of Soft Power
5.Chinese “Soft Power” In Central Asia As Part
of Its Global Strategy
OBOR as a tool of Chinese soft power
6. Limitations of Soft power
Glossary Of Common Terms